The NICU Neonatal Intensive Care Unit is set up for neonates who require constant care, they might be suffering from illness or severely underweight. Neonates are newborn babies under the one month old, during this period their livers and lungs are still developing to adapt to the new environment. There are many situations that lead to the baby being admitted into NICU Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, below are just some instances.
Babies born prematurely or severely underweight are the usual reasons of admission. Severely underweight babies are unable to insulate themselves from coldness, and the swaddling is not enough to keep them warm. Babies born more than three weeks before due are considered as premature babies, they usually have underdeveloped lungs and liver. These babies will live in incubators that will provide a warm environment; oxygen levels adjusted to help their lungs work better, sometimes bili lights are put in for neonatal jaundice. These babies usually recover well, although babies born more than two months prematurely have a lower rate of survival due to under-developed organs.
Mothers who are taking medications or illicit drugs during conception will find that newborn babies will suffer from withdrawal. It is known that morphine, alcohol and benzodiazepines are drugs that can pass through the placenta and affect the baby. After the baby is born, the supply of medication is cut off and the baby will suffer from withdrawal syndrome. It is best when the mother is honest about the using of medications during conception, and babies will be placed in NICU Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and given medications to help wean off the substance from the system. It is noted that most babies will not come out of this ordeal unscathed. Many suffer from brain damage, such as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. In severe cases sudden infant death may occur, although researchers are unable to explain why.
After being born, some babies will suffer from seizures or bleeding in the brain during delivery. These babies require constant monitoring with special equipment to ensure that there is no further harm to the baby. If required medications will be given via special infusions and doses that are calculated by a pharmacist. A sick infant is harder to care for because communication is not available in neonates, they can only cry to indicate that they are unhappy. Neonatal nurses are trained to care for these fragile beings when they are in NICU Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, but even they are unable to understand every cry.
It can be frustrating as a parent to see your precious bundle in an incubator instead of in your own arms. Remember that babies respond well to a mother’s voice and touch and that is why most hospitals have a policy to include the parents in caring for the neonate. Neonates require constant care, some more than others. The bond between a mother and child is special and health professionals commend on the miracles the bond creates.